Name

tcpri — Shorewall file

Synopsis

/etc/shorewall/tcpri

Description

This file is used to specify the priority of traffic for simple traffic shaping (TC_ENABLED=Simple in shorewall.conf(5)). The priority band of each packet is determined by the last entry that the packet matches. If a packet doesn't match any entry in this file, then its priority will be determined by its TOS field. The default mapping is as follows but can be changed by setting the TC_PRIOMAP option in shorewall.conf(5).

TOS     Bits  Means                    Linux Priority    BAND
------------------------------------------------------------
0x0     0     Normal Service           0 Best Effort     2
0x2     1     Minimize Monetary Cost   1 Filler          3
0x4     2     Maximize Reliability     0 Best Effort     2
0x6     3     mmc+mr                   0 Best Effort     2
0x8     4     Maximize Throughput      2 Bulk            3
0xa     5     mmc+mt                   2 Bulk            3
0xc     6     mr+mt                    2 Bulk            3
0xe     7     mmc+mr+mt                2 Bulk            3
0x10    8     Minimize Delay           6 Interactive     1
0x12    9     mmc+md                   6 Interactive     1
0x14    10    mr+md                    6 Interactive     1
0x16    11    mmc+mr+md                6 Interactive     1
0x18    12    mt+md                    4 Int. Bulk       2
0x1a    13    mmc+mt+md                4 Int. Bulk       2
0x1c    14    mr+mt+md                 4 Int. Bulk       2
0x1e    15    mmc+mr+mt+md             4 Int. Bulk       2

The columns in the file are as follows.

BAND - {1|2|3}

Classifies matching traffic as High Priority (1), Medium Priority (2) or Low Priority (3). For those interfaces listed in shorewall-tcinterfaces(5), Priority 2 traffic will be deferred so long and there is Priority 1 traffic queued and Priority 3 traffic will be deferred so long as there is Priority 1 or Priority 2 traffic to send.

PROTO - protocol[,...]

Optional. The name or number of an IPv4 protocol.

Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.12, this column can accept a comma-separated list of protocols.

PORT(S) - port [,...]

Optional. May only be given if the the PROTO is TCP (6), UDP (17), DCCP (33), SCTP (132) or UDPLITE (136). A list of one or more port numbers or service names from /etc/services. Port ranges of the form lowport:highport may also be included.

ADDRESS - [address]

Optional. The IP or MAC address that the traffic originated from. MAC addresses must be given in Shorewall format. If this column contains an address, then the PROTO, PORT(S) and INTERFACE column must be empty ("-").

INTERFACE - [interface]

Optional. The logical name of an interface that traffic arrives from. If given, the PROTO, PORT(S) and ADDRESS columns must be empty ("-").

Note

INTERFACE classification of packets occurs before classification by PROTO/PORT(S)/ADDRESS. So it is highly recommended to place entries that specify INTERFACE at the top of the file so that the rule about last entry matches is preserved.

HELPER - [helper]

Optional. Names a Netfilter protocol helper module such as ftp, sip, amanda, etc. A packet will match if it was accepted by the named helper module. You can also append "-" and a port number to the helper module name (e.g., ftp-21) to specify the port number that the original connection was made on.

FILES

/etc/shorewall/tcpri

See ALSO

http://www.shorewall.net/configuration_file_basics.htm#Pairs

prio(8), shorewall(8), shorewall-accounting(5), shorewall-actions(5), shorewall-blacklist(5), shorewall-hosts(5), shorewall_interfaces(5), shorewall-ipsets(5), shorewall-maclist(5), shorewall-masq(5), shorewall-nat(5), shorewall-netmap(5), shorewall-params(5), shorewall-policy(5), shorewall-providers(5), shorewall-proxyarp(5), shorewall-rtrules(5), shorewall-routestopped(5), shorewall-rules(5), shorewall.conf(5), shorewall-secmarks(5), shorewall-tcclasses(5), shorewall-tcdevices(5), shorewall-mangle(5), shorewall-tos(5), shorewall-tunnels(5), shorewall-zones(5)

Documentation


Frequently Used Articles

- FAQs - IPv4 Manpages - IPv6 Manpages - Configuration File Basics - Beginner Documentation - Troubleshooting

Shorewall 4.4/4.6 Documentation

Shorewall 4.0/4.2 Documentation


Shorewall 5.0 HOWTOs and Other Articles

- 6to4 and 6in4 Tunnels - Accounting - Actions - Aliased (virtual) Interfaces (e.g., eth0:0) - Anatomy of Shorewall - Anti-Spoofing Measures - AUDIT Target support - Bandwidth Control - Blacklisting/Whitelisting - Bridge/Firewall - Building Shorewall from GIT - Commands - Compiled Programs - Configuration File Basics - DHCP - DNAT - Dynamic Zones - ECN Disabling by host or subnet - Events - Extension Scripts - Fallback/Uninstall - FAQs - Features - Fool's Firewall - Forwarding Traffic on the Same Interface - FTP and Shorewall - Helpers/Helper Modules - Installation/Upgrade - IPP2P - IPSEC - Ipsets - IPv6 Support - ISO 3661 Country Codes - Kazaa Filtering - Kernel Configuration - KVM (Kernel-mode Virtual Machine) - Limiting Connection Rates - Linux Containers (LXC) - Linux-vserver - Logging - Macros - MAC Verification - Manpages (IPv4) (IPv6) - Manual Chains - Masquerading - Multiple Internet Connections from a Single Firewall - Multiple Zones Through One Interface - My Shorewall Configuration - Netfilter Overview - Network Mapping - No firewalling of traffic between bridge port - One-to-one NAT - Operating Shorewall - OpenVPN - OpenVZ - Packet Marking - Packet Processing in a Shorewall-based Firewall - 'Ping' Management - Port Forwarding - Port Information - Port Knocking (deprecated) - Port Knocking, Auto Blacklisting and Other Uses of the 'Recent Match' - PPTP - Proxy ARP - QuickStart Guides - Release Model - Requirements - Routing and Shorewall - Routing on One Interface - Samba - Shorewall Events - Shorewall Init - Shorewall Lite - Shorewall on a Laptop - Shorewall Perl - Shorewall Setup Guide - SMB - SNAT - Split DNS the Easy Way - Squid with Shorewall - Starting/stopping the Firewall - Static (one-to-one) NAT - Support - Tips and Hints - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Simple - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Complex - Transparent Proxy - UPnP - Upgrade Issues - Upgrading to Shorewall 4.4 (Upgrading Debian Lenny to Squeeze) - VPN - VPN Passthrough - White List Creation - Xen - Shorewall in a Bridged Xen DomU - Xen - Shorewall in Routed Xen Dom0

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