Strong Firewall in a Routed Xen Dom0

Tom Eastep

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

2014/06/13


Caution

This article applies to Shorewall 4.0 and later. If you are running a version of Shorewall earlier than Shorewall 4.0.0 then please see the documentation for that release.

Before Xen

Prior to adopting Xen, I had a home office crowded with 5 systems, three monitors a scanner and a printer. The systems were:

  1. Firewall

  2. Public Server in a DMZ (mail)

  3. Private Server (wookie)

  4. My personal Linux Desktop (ursa)

  5. My work system (docked laptop running Windows XP).

The result was a very crowded and noisy room.

After Xen

Xen has allowed me to reduce the noise and clutter considerably. I now have three systems with two monitors. I've also replaced the individual printer and scanner with a Multifunction FAX/Scanner/Printer.

The systems now include:

  1. Combination Firewall/Public Server/Private Server/Wireless Gateway using Xen (created by building out my Linux desktop system -- Now replaced by a Hewlett-Packard Pavilion a1510y).

  2. My work system.

  3. My Linux desktop (wookie, which is actually the old public server box)

The Linux systems run either OpenSuSE ™10.3 or Ubuntu™ "Gutsy Gibbon".

Here is a high-level diagram of our network.

As shown in this diagram, the Xen system has three physical network interfaces. These are:

  • eth0 -- connected to our DSL "Modem".

  • eth1 -- connected to the switch in my office.

  • eth2 -- connected to a Wireless Access Point (WAP) that interfaces to our wireless network.

There are three Xen domains.

  1. Dom0 (DNS name gateway.shorewall.net) is used as our main firewall and wireless gateway as well as a local file server. It hosts Squid running as a transparent HTTP proxy and a DHCP server that manages IP address assignment for both the LAN and the Wireless network.

  2. A DomU (Domain name lists, DNS name lists.shorewall.net) that is used as a public Web/FTP/Mail/DNS server.

  3. A DomU (Domain name test, DNS name test.shorewall.net) that I use for Shorewall testing.

Shorewall runs in Dom0.

Caution

As the developer of Shorewall, I have enough experience to be very comfortable with Linux networking and Shorewall/iptables. I arrived at this configuration after a fair amount of trial and error experimentation (see Xen and the art of Consolidation). If you are a Linux networking novice, I recommend that you do not attempt a configuration like this one for your first Shorewall installation. You are very likely to frustrate both yourself and the Shorewall support team. Rather I suggest that you start with something simple like a standalone installation in a DomU; once you are comfortable with that then you will be ready to try something more substantial.

As Paul Gear says: Shorewall might make iptables easy, but it doesn't make understanding fundamental networking principles, traffic shaping, or multi-ISP routing any easier.

The same goes for Xen networking.

Domain Configuration

Below are the relevant configuration files for the two domains. I use a partition on my hard drives for the DomU storage device.

There is not much documentation about how to configure Xen for routed operation. I've tried to mark the relevant parts with bold font.

Important

The files from /etc/xen/auto shown below correspond to my configuration under Xen 3.0. I'm now running Xen 3.1 which does not use configuration files for the domains but rather keeps the configuration in a database managed by xend. See below.

/boot/grub/menu.lst — here is the entry that boots Xen in Dom0.

title Kernel-2.6.18.8-0.1-xen
    root (hd0,5)
    kernel /boot/xen.gz 
    module /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.18.8-0.1-xen root=/dev/sda6 vga=0x31a resume=/dev/sda5 splash=silent showopts
    module /boot/initrd-2.6.18.8-0.1-xen

/etc/modprobe.conf.local (This may need to go in /etc/modprobe.conf or /etc/modprobe.d/options on your system)

options netloop nloopbacks=0 #Stop netloop from creating 8 useless vifs

/etc/xen/auto/01-lists — configuration file for the lists domain. Placed in /etc/xen/auto/ so it is started automatically by Xen's xendomains service.

disk = [ 'phy:/dev/sda9,hda,w', 'phy:/dev/hda,hdb,r' ]
memory = 512
vcpus = 1
builder = 'linux'
name = 'server'
vif = [ 'mac=00:16:3e:b1:d7:90, ip=206.124.146.177, vifname=eth3' ]
localtime = 0
on_poweroff = 'destroy'
on_reboot = 'restart'
on_crash = 'restart'
extra = ' TERM=xterm'
bootloader = '/usr/lib/xen/boot/domUloader.py'
bootentry = 'hda2:/boot/vmlinuz-xen,/boot/initrd-xen'

Note that the vifname is set to 'eth3' for the virtual interface to this DomU. This will cause the Dom0 interface to the server to have a fixed name (eth3) which makes it a lot easier to deal with in Shorewall and elsewhere.

Specifying an IP address (ip=206.124.146.177) causes the vif-route script to create a host route to that IP address on eth3.

gateway:~ # ip route ls dev eth3
206.124.146.177  scope link  src 206.124.146.176
gateway:~ #

Note that the source for the route is 206.124.146.176. That is the primary IP address of Dom0's eth0. Xen configures eth3 to have that same IP address.

/etc/xen/auto/02-test — configuration file for the test domain.

disk = [ 'phy:/dev/hdb4,hda,w', 'phy:/dev/hda,hdb,r' ]
memory = 512
vcpus = 1
builder = 'linux'
name = 'test'
vif = [ 'mac=00:16:3e:83:ad:28, ip=192.168.1.7, vifname=eth4' ]
localtime = 0
on_poweroff = 'destroy'
on_reboot = 'restart'
on_crash = 'restart'
extra = ' TERM=xterm'
bootloader = '/usr/lib/xen/boot/domUloader.py'
bootentry = 'hda2:/boot/vmlinuz-xen,/boot/initrd-xen'

Excerpt from /etc/xen/xend-config.sxp:

…

# It is possible to use the network-bridge script in more complicated
# scenarios, such as having two outgoing interfaces, with two bridges, and
# two fake interfaces per guest domain.  To do things like this, write
# yourself a wrapper script, and call network-bridge from it, as appropriate.
#
#(network-script network-bridge)

…

# If you are using only one bridge, the vif-bridge script will discover that,
# so there is no need to specify it explicitly.
#
#(vif-script vif-bridge)

## Use the following if network traffic is routed, as an alternative to the
# settings for bridged networking given above.
(network-script network-route)
(vif-script     vif-route)

Important

As of this writing, the vif-route script does not set up Proxy ARP correctly. So the domU can communicate with the dom0 but not with hosts beyond the dom0.

If you configure Shorewall as described below, Shorewall will correct the Proxy ARP configuration so that it will work.

Instructions for editing entries in the Xen 3.1 xend database may be found at http://www.novell.com/documentation/vmserver/config_options/index.html?page=/documentation/vmserver/config_options/data/b8uh3zr.html, The following are excerpts from the XML representations of the two user domains (produced by "xm list -l …").

lists domain:

… 
    (features )
    (on_xend_start start)
    (on_xend_stop shutdown)
    (start_time 1194710550.49)
 …
    (console_mfn 397179)
    (device
        (vif
            (mac 00:16:3e:b1:d7:90)
            (script vif-route)
            (ip 206.124.146.177)
            (vifname eth3)
            (type netfront)
            (devid 0)
            (uuid 55676385-7b69-09fd-4027-751b692ead75)
        )
    )
    (device
        (vbd
 …

test domain:

… 
   (console_mfn 418003)
    (device
        (vif
            (uuid 64a1dd48-fa8b-7561-e90b-cd589cbeb7fa)
            (script vif-route)
            (ip 192.168.1.7)
            (mac 00:16:3e:83:ad:28)
            (vifname eth4)
            (devid 0)
            (type netfront)
            (backend 0)
        )
    )
    (device
        (vbd
…

With the three Xen domains up and running, the system looks as shown in the following diagram.

The zones correspond to the Shorewall zones in the Dom0 configuration.

Readers who are paying attention will notice that eth4 has the same public IP address (206.124.146.176) as eth0 (and eth3), yet the test system connected to that interface has an RFC 1918 address (192.168.1.7). That configuration is established by Xen which clones the primary IP address of eth0 on all of the routed virtual interfaces that it creates. test is configured with its default route via 192.168.1.254 which is the IP address of the firewall's br0. That works because of the way that the Linux network stack treats local IPv4 addresses; by default, it will respond to ARP "who-has" broadcasts for any local address and not just for the addresses on the interface that received the broadcast (but of course the MAC address returned in the "here-is" response is that of the interface that received the broadcast). So when test broadcasts "who-has 192.168.1.254", the firewall responds with "here-is 192.168.1.254 00:16:3e:83:ad:28" (00:16:3e:83:ad:28 is the MAC of virtual interface eth4).

Caution

Under some circumstances, UDP and/or TCP communication from a DomU won't work for no obvious reason. That happened with the lists domain in my setup. Looking at the IP traffic with tcpdump -nvvi eth1 in Dom0 showed that UDP packets from the lists DomU had incorrect checksums. That problem was corrected by arranging for the following command to be executed in the lists and test domains when the eth0 device was brought up:

ethtool -K eth0 tx off

Under OpenSuSE™ 10.2, I placed the following in /etc/sysconfig/network/ifcfg-eth-id-00:16:3e:b1:d7:90 (the config file for eth0):

ETHTOOL_OPTIONS='-K iface tx off'

Under other distributions, the technique will vary. For example, under Debian™ or Ubuntu™, you can just add a 'post-up' entry to /etc/network/interfaces as shown here:

 iface eth0 inet static
         address 206.124.146.177
         netmask 255.255.255.0
         post-up ethtool -K eth0 tx off

Caution

Update. Under OpenSuSE 10.2, communication from a domU works okay without running ethtool but traffic shaping in dom0 doesn't work! So it's a good idea to run it just to be safe.

Dom0 Shorewall Configuration

In Dom0, I run a conventional three-interface firewall with Proxy ARP DMZ -- it is very similar to the firewall described in the Shorewall Setup Guide with the exception that I've added a fourth interface for our wireless network. The firewall runs a routed OpenVPN server to provide road warrior access for our three laptops and a bridged OpenVPN server for the wireless network in our home. Here is the firewall's view of the network:

The three laptops can be directly attached to the LAN as shown above or they can be attached wirelessly -- their IP addresses are the same in either case; when they are directly attached, the IP address is assigned by the DHCP server running in Dom0 and when they are attached wirelessly, the IP address is assigned by OpenVPN.

The Shorewall configuration files are shown below. All routing and secondary IP addresses are handled in the OpenSuSE network configuration.

/etc/shorewall/shorewall.conf

STARTUP_ENABLED=Yes
VERBOSITY=0
SHOREWALL_COMPILER=perl
LOGFILE=/var/log/firewall
LOGFORMAT="Shorewall:%s:%s:"
LOGTAGONLY=No
LOGRATE=
LOGBURST=
LOGALLNEW=
BLACKLIST_LOGLEVEL=
MACLIST_LOG_LEVEL=$LOG
TCP_FLAGS_LOG_LEVEL=$LOG
SMURF_LOG_LEVEL=$LOG
LOG_MARTIANS=No
IPTABLES=
SHOREWALL_SHELL=/bin/ash
SUBSYSLOCK=/var/lock/subsys/shorewall
MODULESDIR=
CONFIG_PATH=/etc/shorewall:/usr/share/shorewall
RESTOREFILE=
IPSECFILE=zones
LOCKFILE=
DROP_DEFAULT="Drop"
REJECT_DEFAULT="Reject"
ACCEPT_DEFAULT="none"
QUEUE_DEFAULT="none"
IP_FORWARDING=Yes
ADD_IP_ALIASES=No
ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=No
RETAIN_ALIASES=No
TC_ENABLED=internal
TC_EXPERT=No
CLEAR_TC=Yes
MARK_IN_FORWARD_CHAIN=Yes
CLAMPMSS=Yes
ROUTE_FILTER=No
DETECT_DNAT_IPADDRS=Yes
MUTEX_TIMEOUT=60
ADMINISABSENTMINDED=Yes
BLACKLISTNEWONLY=Yes
DELAYBLACKLISTLOAD=No
MODULE_SUFFIX=
DISABLE_IPV6=Yes
BRIDGING=No
DYNAMIC_ZONES=No
PKTTYPE=No
MACLIST_TABLE=mangle
MACLIST_TTL=60
SAVE_IPSETS=No
MAPOLDACTIONS=No
FASTACCEPT=Yes
IMPLICIT_CONTINUE=Yes
HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=Yes
USE_ACTIONS=Yes
OPTIMIZE=1
EXPORTPARAMS=No
EXPAND_POLICIES=Yes
KEEP_RT_TABLES=No
DELETE_THEN_ADD=No
BLACKLIST_DISPOSITION=DROP
MACLIST_DISPOSITION=DROP
TCP_FLAGS_DISPOSITION=DROP

/etc/shorewall/zones:

#ZONE   TYPE            OPTIONS         IN                      OUT
#                                       OPTIONS                 OPTIONS
fw      firewall        #The firewall itself.
net     ipv4            #Internet
loc     ipv4            #Local wired Zone
dmz     ipv4            #DMZ
vpn     ipv4            #Open VPN clients
wifi    ipv4            #Local Wireless Zone
#LAST LINE - ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS ONE - DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/policy:

#SOURCE         DEST            POLICY          LOG             LIMIT:BURST
#                                               LEVEL
$FW             $FW             ACCEPT
$FW             net             ACCEPT
loc             net             ACCEPT
$FW             vpn             ACCEPT
vpn             net             ACCEPT
vpn             loc             ACCEPT
loc             vpn             ACCEPT
$FW             loc             ACCEPT
loc             $FW             ACCEPT
wifi            all             REJECT          $LOG
net             $FW             DROP            $LOG            1/sec:2
net             loc             DROP            $LOG            2/sec:4
net             dmz             DROP            $LOG            8/sec:30
net             vpn             DROP            $LOG
all             all             REJECT          $LOG
#LAST LINE -- DO NOT REMOVE

Note that the firewall<->local network interface is wide open so from a security point of view, the firewall system is part of the local zone.

/etc/shorewall/params (edited):

MIRRORS=<comma-separated list of Shorewall mirrors>

NTPSERVERS=<comma-separated list of NTP servers I sync with>

POPSERVERS=<comma-separated list of server IP addresses>

LOG=info

INT_IF=br0
DMZ_IF=eth3
EXT_IF=eth0
WIFI_IF=eth2
TEST_IF=eth4

OMAK=<IP address at our second home>

#LAST LINE - ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS ONE - DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/init:

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_tcp_be_liberal

/etc/shorewall/interfaces (don't specify the BROADCAST addresses if you are using Shorewall-perl):

#ZONE   INTERFACE       BROADCAST               OPTIONS
net     ${EXT_IF}       detect                  dhcp,logmartians=1,blacklist
dmz     $DMZ_IF         detect                  logmartians=1
loc     $INT_IF         detect                  dhcp,logmartians=1,routeback,bridge
loc     $TEST_IF        detect                  optional
loc     $TEST1_IF       detect                  optional
wifi    $WIFI_IF        detect                  dhcp,maclist,mss=1400
vpn     tun+            -
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/nat:

#EXTERNAL               INTERFACE       INTERNAL        ALL             LOCAL
#                                                       INTERFACES
COMMENT One-to-one NAT
206.124.146.178         $EXT_IF:0       192.168.1.3     No              No
206.124.146.180         $EXT_IF:2       192.168.1.6     No              No
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS LINE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/masq (Note the cute trick here and in the following proxyarp file that allows me to access the DSL "Modem" using its default IP address (192.168.1.1)). The leading "+" is required to place the rule before the SNAT rules generated by entries in /etc/shorewall/nat above.

#INTERFACE              SOURCE          ADDRESS         PROTO   PORT(S) IPSEC
COMMENT Handle DSL 'Modem'

+$EXT_IF:192.168.1.1    0.0.0.0/0       192.168.1.254

COMMENT Masquerade VPN clients and Wifi

$EXT_IF                 192.168.2.0/24
$EXT_IF                 192.168.3.0/24

$EXT_IF:192.168.98.1    192.168.99.1    192.168.1.99
$EXT_IF:192.168.99.1    192.168.98.1    192.168.1.98

COMMENT Masquerade Local Network

$EXT_IF                 192.168.1.0/24  206.124.146.179
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS LINE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/proxyarp:

#ADDRESS        INTERFACE       EXTERNAL        HAVEROUTE       PERSISTENT
192.168.1.1     $EXT_IF         $INT_IF         yes
206.124.146.177 $DMZ_IF         $EXT_IF         yes
192.168.1.7     $TEST_IF        $INT_IF         yes
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/tunnels:

#TYPE                   ZONE    GATEWAY         GATEWAY
#                                               ZONE
openvpnserver:udp       net     0.0.0.0/0                 #Routed server for RoadWarrior access
openvpnserver:udp       wifi    192.168.3.0/24            #Home wireless network server
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/blacklist:

#ADDRESS/SUBNET         PROTOCOL        PORT
-                       udp             1024:1033,1434
-                       tcp             57,1433,1434,2401,2745,3127,3306,3410,4899,5554,6101,8081,9898
#LAST LINE - ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS ONE - DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/actions:

#ACTION
Mirrors             # Accept traffic from Shorewall Mirrors
#LAST LINE - ADD YOUR ENTRIES ABOVE THIS ONE - DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/action.Mirrors:

#TARGET SOURCE          DEST            PROTO   DEST    SOURCE     ORIGINAL     RATE
#                                               PORT    PORT(S)    DEST         LIMIT
ACCEPT  $MIRRORS
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/rules:

SECTION NEW
###############################################################################################################################################################################
#ACTION         SOURCE                          DEST                    PROTO   DEST                                    SOURCE          ORIGINAL        RATE    USER/
#                                                                               PORT                                    PORT(S)         DEST            LIMIT   GROUP
###############################################################################################################################################################################
REJECT:$LOG     loc                             net                     tcp     25
REJECT:$LOG     loc                             net                     udp     1025:1031
#
# Stop NETBIOS crap
#
REJECT          loc                             net                     tcp     137,445
REJECT          loc                             net                     udp     137:139
#
# Stop my idiotic work laptop from sending to the net with an HP source/dest IP address
#
DROP            loc:!192.168.0.0/22             net
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Local Network to Firewall
#
REDIRECT-       loc                             3128                    tcp     80                                      -               !192.168.1.1,192.168.0.7,206.124.146.177,155.98.64.80
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Road Warriors to Firewall
#
ACCEPT            vpn                             fw                      tcp     ssh,time,631,8080
ACCEPT            vpn                             fw                      udp     161,ntp,631
Ping(ACCEPT)      vpn                             fw
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Road Warriors to DMZ
#
ACCEPT            vpn                             dmz                     udp     domain
ACCEPT            vpn                             dmz                     tcp     www,smtp,smtps,domain,ssh,imap,https,imaps,ftp,10023,pop3       -
Ping(ACCEPT)      vpn                             dmz
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Local network to DMZ
#
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     udp     domain
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     tcp     ssh,smtps,www,ftp,imaps,domain,https    -
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     tcp     smtp
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   loc                             dmz
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Internet to ALL -- drop NewNotSyn packets
#
dropNotSyn      net             fw              tcp
#dropNotSyn     net             loc             tcp
dropNotSyn      net             dmz             tcp
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Internet to DMZ
#
ACCEPT          net                             dmz                     udp     domain
LOG:$LOG        net:64.126.128.0/18             dmz                     tcp     smtp
ACCEPT          net                             dmz                     tcp     smtps,www,ftp,imaps,domain,https        -
ACCEPT          net                             dmz                     tcp     smtp                                    -               206.124.146.177,206.124.146.178
ACCEPT          net                             dmz                     udp     33434:33454
Mirrors         net                             dmz                     tcp     rsync
Limit:$LOG:SSHA,3,60\
                net                             dmz                     tcp     22
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   net                             dmz
##############################################################################################################################################################################
#
# Net to Local
#
# When I'm "on the road", the following two rules allow me VPN access back home using PPTP.
#
DNAT            net                             loc:192.168.1.4         tcp     1729
DNAT            net                             loc:192.168.1.4         gre
#
# Roadwarrior access to Ursa
#
ACCEPT          net:$OMAK                       loc                     tcp     22
Limit:$LOG:SSHA,3,60\
                net                             loc                     tcp     22

#
# ICQ
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         tcp     113,4000:4100
#
# Bittorrent
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         tcp     6881:6889,6969
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     6881:6889,6969
#
# Real Audio
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     6970:7170
#
# Overnet
#
#ACCEPT         net                             loc:192.168.1.3         tcp     4662
#ACCEPT         net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     12112
#
# OpenVPN
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     1194
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.6         udp     1194
# Skype
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.6         tcp     1194
#
# Traceroute
#
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   net                             loc:192.168.1.3
#
# Silently Handle common probes
#
REJECT          net                             loc                     tcp     www,ftp,https
DROP            net                             loc                     icmp    8
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Internet
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             net                     udp     domain,ntp
ACCEPT          dmz                             net                     tcp     echo,ftp,ssh,smtp,whois,domain,www,81,https,cvspserver,2702,2703,8080
ACCEPT          dmz                             net:$POPSERVERS         tcp     pop3
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             net
#
# Some FTP clients seem prone to sending the PORT command split over two packets. This prevents the FTP connection tracking
# code from processing the command  and setting up the proper expectation. The following rule allows active FTP to work in these cases
# but logs the connection so I can keep an eye on this potential security hole.
#
ACCEPT:$LOG     dmz                             net                     tcp     1024:                                   20
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Local to DMZ
#
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     udp     domain,xdmcp
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     tcp     www,smtp,smtps,domain,ssh,imap,rsync,https,imaps,ftp,10023,pop3,3128
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   loc                             dmz
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Local
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         udp     123
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         tcp     21
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             loc

###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Firewall -- ntp & snmp, Silently reject Auth
#
#ACCEPT         net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     12112
#
# OpenVPN
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.3         udp     1194
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.6         udp     1194
# Skype
#
ACCEPT          net                             loc:192.168.1.6         tcp     1194
#
# Traceroute
#
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   net                             loc:192.168.1.3
#
# Silently Handle common probes
#
REJECT          net                             loc                     tcp     www,ftp,https
DROP            net                             loc                     icmp    8
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Internet
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             net                     udp     domain,ntp
ACCEPT          dmz                             net                     tcp     echo,ftp,ssh,smtp,whois,domain,www,81,https,cvspserver,2702,2703,8080
ACCEPT          dmz                             net:$POPSERVERS         tcp     pop3
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             net
#
# Some FTP clients seem prone to sending the PORT command split over two packets. This prevents the FTP connection tracking
# code from processing the command  and setting up the proper expectation. The following rule allows active FTP to work in these cases
# but logs the connection so I can keep an eye on this potential security hole.
#
ACCEPT:$LOG     dmz                             net                     tcp     1024:                                   20
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Local to DMZ
#
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     udp     domain,xdmcp
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     tcp     www,smtp,smtps,domain,ssh,imap,rsync,https,imaps,ftp,10023,pop3,3128
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   loc                             dmz
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Local
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         udp     123
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         tcp     21
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             loc

###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Firewall -- ntp & snmp, Silently reject Auth
#
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     udp     domain,xdmcp
ACCEPT          loc                             dmz                     tcp     www,smtp,smtps,domain,ssh,imap,rsync,https,imaps,ftp,10023,pop3,3128
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   loc                             dmz
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Local
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         udp     123
ACCEPT          dmz                             loc:192.168.1.5         tcp     21
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             loc

###############################################################################################################################################################################
# DMZ to Firewall -- ntp & snmp, Silently reject Auth
#
ACCEPT          dmz                             fw                      tcp     161,ssh
ACCEPT          dmz                             fw                      udp     161,ntp
REJECT          dmz                             fw                      tcp     auth
Ping(ACCEPT)    dmz                             fw
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Internet to Firewall
#
REJECT          net                             fw                      tcp     www,ftp,https
DROP            net                             fw                      icmp    8
ACCEPT          net                             fw                      udp     33434:33454
ACCEPT          net:$OMAK                       fw                      udp     ntp
ACCEPT          net                             fw                      tcp     auth
ACCEPT          net:$OMAK                       fw                      tcp     22
Limit:$LOG:SSHA,3,60\
                net                             fw                      tcp     22
Trcrt(ACCEPT)   net                             fw
#
# Bittorrent
#
ACCEPT          net                             fw                      tcp     6881:6889,6969
ACCEPT          net                             fw                      udp     6881:6889,6969
###############################################################################################################################################################################
# Firewall to DMZ
#
ACCEPT          fw                              dmz                     tcp     domain,www,ftp,ssh,smtp,https,993,465
ACCEPT          fw                              dmz                     udp     domain
REJECT          fw                              dmz                     udp     137:139
Ping(ACCEPT)    fw                              dmz
##############################################################################################################################################################################
# Avoid logging Freenode.net probes
#
DROP            net:82.96.96.3                          all
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/tcdevices

#INTERFACE      IN-BANDWITH     OUT-BANDWIDTH
$EXT_IF         1300kbit        384kbit
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/tcclasses

#INTERFACE      MARK    RATE            CEIL            PRIORITY        OPTIONS
$EXT_IF         10      5*full/10       full            1               tcp-ack,tos-minimize-delay
$EXT_IF         20      3*full/10       9*full/10       2               default
$EXT_IF         30      2*full/10       6*full/10       3
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

/etc/shorewall/tcrules

#MARK   SOURCE          DEST            PROTO   PORT(S) CLIENT  USER    TEST
#                                                       PORT(S)
1:110   192.168.0.0/22  $EXT_IF                                         #Our internal nets get priority
                                                                        #over the server
1:130   206.124.146.177 $EXT_IF         tcp     -       873             #Throttle rsync traffic to the
                                                                        #Shorewall Mirrors.
#LAST LINE -- ADD YOUR ENTRIES BEFORE THIS ONE -- DO NOT REMOVE

The tap0 device used by the bridged OpenVPN server is created and bridged to eth1 using a SUSE-specific SysV init script:

#!/bin/sh
#
#     The Shoreline Firewall (Shorewall) Packet Filtering Firewall - V3.0
#
#     This program is under GPL [http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/gpl-2.0.txt]
#
#     (c) 1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005 - Tom Eastep (teastep@shorewall.net)
#
#       On most distributions, this file should be called /etc/init.d/shorewall.
#
#       Complete documentation is available at http://shorewall.net
#
#       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
#       it under the terms of Version 2 of the GNU General Public License
#       as published by the Free Software Foundation.
#
#       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
#       GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#       along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
#       Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
#
#       If an error occurs while starting or restarting the firewall, the
#       firewall is automatically stopped.
#
#       Commands are:
#
#          bridge start                   Starts the bridge
#          bridge restart                 Restarts the bridge
#          bridge reload                  Restarts the bridge
#          bridge stop                    Stops the bridge
#          bridge status                  Displays bridge status
#

# chkconfig: 2345 4 99
# description: Packet filtering firewall

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:       bridge
# Required-Start: boot.udev
# Required-Stop:
# Default-Start:  2 3 5
# Default-Stop:   0 1 6
# Description:    starts and stops the bridge
### END INIT INFO

################################################################################
# Interfaces to be bridged -- may be listed by device name or by MAC
#
INTERFACES="eth1"

#
# Tap Devices
#
TAPS="tap0"

################################################################################
# Give Usage Information                                                       #
################################################################################
usage() {
    echo "Usage: $0 start|stop|reload|restart|status"
    exit 1
}
#################################################################################
# Find the interface with the passed MAC address
#################################################################################
find_interface_by_mac() {
    local mac
    mac=$1
    local first
    local second
    local rest
    local dev

    /sbin/ip link ls | while read first second rest; do
        case $first in
            *:)
                dev=$second
                ;;
            *)
                if [ "$second" = $mac ]; then
                    echo ${dev%:}
                    return
                fi
        esac
    done
}
################################################################################
# Convert MAC addresses to interface names
################################################################################
get_interfaces() {
    local interfaces
    interfaces=
    local interface

    for interface in $INTERFACES; do
        case $interface in
            *:*:*)
                interface=$(find_interface_by_mac $interface)
                [ -n "$interface" ] || echo "WARNING: Can't find an interface with MAC address $mac"
                ;;
        esac
        interfaces="$interfaces $interface"
    done

    INTERFACES="$interfaces"
}
################################################################################
# Start the Bridge
################################################################################
do_start()
{
    local interface

    get_interfaces

    for interface in $TAPS; do
        /usr/sbin/openvpn --mktun --dev $interface
    done

   /sbin/brctl addbr br0

   for interface in $INTERFACES $TAPS; do
        /sbin/ip link set $interface up
        /sbin/brctl addif br0 $interface
   done
}
################################################################################
# Stop the Bridge
################################################################################
do_stop()
{
    local interface

    get_interfaces

    for interface in $INTERFACES $TAPS; do
        /sbin/brctl delif br0 $interface
        /sbin/ip link set $interface down
    done

    /sbin/ip link set br0 down

    /sbin/brctl delbr br0

    for interface in $TAPS; do
        /usr/sbin/openvpn --rmtun --dev $interface
    done
}
################################################################################
# E X E C U T I O N    B E G I N S   H E R E                                   #
################################################################################
command="$1"

case "$command" in
    start)
        do_start
        ;;
    stop)
        do_stop
        ;;
    restart|reload)
        do_stop
        do_start
        ;;
    status)
        /sbin/brctl show
        ;;
    *)
        usage
        ;;
esac

Documentation


Frequently Used Articles

- FAQs - IPv4 Manpages - IPv6 Manpages - Configuration File Basics - Beginner Documentation - Troubleshooting

Shorewall 4.0/4.2 Documentation


Current HOWTOs and Other Articles

- 6to4 and 6in4 Tunnels - Accounting - Actions - Aliased (virtual) Interfaces (e.g., eth0:0) - Anatomy of Shorewall - Anti-Spoofing Measures - AUDIT Target support - Bandwidth Control - Blacklisting/Whitelisting - Bridge/Firewall - Building Shorewall from GIT - Commands - Compiled Programs - Configuration File Basics - DHCP - DNAT - Dynamic Zones - ECN Disabling by host or subnet - Events - Extension Scripts - Fallback/Uninstall - FAQs - Features - Fool's Firewall - Forwarding Traffic on the Same Interface - FTP and Shorewall - Helpers/Helper Modules - Installation/Upgrade - IPP2P - IPSEC - Ipsets - IPv6 Support - ISO 3661 Country Codes - Kazaa Filtering - Kernel Configuration - KVM (Kernel-mode Virtual Machine) - Limiting Connection Rates - Linux Containers (LXC) - Linux-vserver - Logging - Macros - MAC Verification - Manpages (IPv4) (IPv6) - Manual Chains - Masquerading - Multiple Internet Connections from a Single Firewall - Multiple Zones Through One Interface - My Shorewall Configuration - Netfilter Overview - Network Mapping - No firewalling of traffic between bridge port - One-to-one NAT - Operating Shorewall - OpenVPN - OpenVZ - Packet Marking - Packet Processing in a Shorewall-based Firewall - 'Ping' Management - Port Forwarding - Port Information - Port Knocking (deprecated) - Port Knocking, Auto Blacklisting and Other Uses of the 'Recent Match' - PPTP - Proxy ARP - QuickStart Guides - Release Model - Requirements - Routing and Shorewall - Routing on One Interface - Samba - Shorewall Events - Shorewall Init - Shorewall Lite - Shorewall on a Laptop - Shorewall Perl - Shorewall Setup Guide - SMB - SNAT - Split DNS the Easy Way - Squid with Shorewall - Starting/stopping the Firewall - Static (one-to-one) NAT - Support - Tips and Hints - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Simple - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Complex - Transparent Proxy - UPnP - Upgrade Issues - Upgrading to Shorewall 4.4 (Upgrading Debian Lenny to Squeeze) - VPN - VPN Passthrough - White List Creation - Xen - Shorewall in a Bridged Xen DomU - Xen - Shorewall in Routed Xen Dom0

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