Name

providers — Shorewall6 Providers file

Synopsis

/etc/shorewall6/providers

Description

This file is used to define additional routing tables. You will want to define an additional table if:

  • You have connections to more than one ISP or multiple connections to the same ISP

  • You run Squid as a transparent proxy on a host other than the firewall.

  • You have other requirements for policy routing.

Each entry in the file defines a single routing table.

If you wish to omit a column entry but want to include an entry in the next column, use "-" for the omitted entry.

The columns in the file are as follows.

NAME - name

The provider name. Must be a valid shell variable name. The names 'local', 'main', 'default' and 'unspec' are reserved and may not be used as provider names.

NUMBER - number

The provider number -- a number between 1 and 15. Each provider must be assigned a unique value.

MARK (Optional) - value

A FWMARK value used in your shorewall6-mangle(5) file to direct packets to this provider.

If HIGH_ROUTE_MARKS=Yes in shorewall6.conf(5), then the value must be a multiple of 256 between 256 and 65280 or their hexadecimal equivalents (0x0100 and 0xff00 with the low-order byte of the value being zero). Otherwise, the value must be between 1 and 255. Each provider must be assigned a unique mark value. This column may be omitted if you don't use packet marking to direct connections to a particular provider.

DUPLICATE - routing-table-name

The name of an existing table to duplicate to create this routing table. May be main or the name of a previously listed provider. You may select only certain entries from the table to copy by using the COPY column below.

INTERFACE - interface

The name of the network interface to the provider. Must be listed in shorewall6-interfaces(5).

GATEWAY - {-|address|detect}

The IP address of the provider's gateway router.

You can enter "detect" here and Shorewall6 will attempt to detect the gateway automatically.

For PPP devices, you may omit this column.

OPTIONS (Optional) - [-|option[,option]...]

A comma-separated list selected from the following. The order of the options is not significant but the list may contain no embedded white-space.

autosrc

Added in Shorewall 4.5.17. Causes a host route to the provider's gateway router to be added to the provider's routing table. This is the default behavior unless overridden by a following noautosrc option.

balance

Added in Shorewall 4.4.25. Causes a default route to this provider's gateway to be added to the main routing table (USE_DEFAULT_RT=No) or to the balance routing table (USE_DEFAULT_RT=Yes). At most one provider can specify this option.

fallback

Added in Shorewall 4.4.25. Causes a default route to this provider's gateway to be added to the default routing table.At most one provider can specify this option.

track

If specified, inbound connections on this interface are to be tracked so that responses may be routed back out this same interface.

You want to specify track if internet hosts will be connecting to local servers through this provider.

Beginning with Shorewall 4.4.3, track defaults to the setting of the TRACK_PROVIDERS option in shorewall6.conf (5). If you set TRACK_PROVIDERS=Yes and want to override that setting for an individual provider, then specify notrack (see below).

loose

Shorewall6 normally adds a routing rule for each IP address on an interface which forces traffic whose source is that IP address to be sent using the routing table for that interface. Setting loose prevents creation of such rules on this interface.

noautosrc

Added in Shorewall 4.5.17. Prevents the addition of a host route to the provider's gateway router from being added to the provider's routing table. This option must be used with caution as it can cause start and restart failures.

notrack

Added in Shorewall 4.4.3. When specified, turns off track.

optional (deprecated for use with providers that do not share an interface)

If the interface named in the INTERFACE column is not up and configured with an IPv4 address then ignore this provider. If not specified, the value of the optional option for the INTERFACE in shorewall6-interfaces(5) is assumed. Use of that option is preferred to this one, unless an address is provider in the INTERFACE column.

src=source-address

Specifies the source address to use when routing to this provider and none is known (the local client has bound to the 0 address). May not be specified when an address is given in the INTERFACE column. If this option is not used, Shorewall6 substitutes the primary IP address on the interface named in the INTERFACE column.

mtu=number

Specifies the MTU when forwarding through this provider. If not given, the MTU of the interface named in the INTERFACE column is assumed.

tproxy

Added in Shorewall 4.5.4. Used for supporting the TPROXY action in shorewall-tcrules(5). See http://www.shorewall.net/Shorewall_Squid_Usage.html. When specified, the MARK, DUPLICATE and GATEWAY columns should be empty, INTERFACE should be set to 'lo' and tproxy should be the only OPTION. Only one tproxy provider is allowed.

hostroute

Added in Shorewall 4.5.21. This is the default behavior that results in a host route to the defined GATEWAY being inserted into the main routing table and into the provider's routing table. hostroute is required for older distributions but nohostroute (below) is appropriate for recent distributions. hostroute may interfere with Zebra's ability to add routes on some distributions such as Debian 7.

nohostroute

Added in Shorewall 4.5.21. nohostroute inhibits addition of a host route to the defined GATEWAY being inserted into the main routing table and into the provider's routing table. nohostroute is not appropriate for older distributions but is appropriate for recent distributions. nohostroute allows Zebra's to correctly add routes on some distributions such as Debian 7.

COPY - [{none|interface[,interface]...}]

A comma-separated list of other interfaces on your firewall. Wildcards specified using an asterisk ("*") are permitted (e.g., tun* ). Usually used only when DUPLICATE is main. Only copy routes through INTERFACE and through interfaces listed here. If you only wish to copy routes through INTERFACE, enter none in this column.

Beginning with Shorewall 4.5.17, blackhole, unreachable and prohibit routes are no longer copied by default but may be copied by including blackhole,unreachable and prohibit respectively in the COPY list.

Examples

Example 1:

You run squid in your DMZ on IP address 2002:ce7c:92b4:1::2. Your DMZ interface is eth2

        #NAME   NUMBER  MARK DUPLICATE  INTERFACE GATEWAY              OPTIONS
        Squid   1       1    -          eth2      2002:ce7c:92b4:1::2  -
Example 2:

eth0 connects to ISP 1. The ISP's gateway router has IP address 2001:ce7c:92b4:1::2.

eth1 connects to ISP 2. The ISP's gateway router has IP address 2001:d64c:83c9:12::8b.

eth2 connects to a local network.

        #NAME NUMBER MARK DUPLICATE INTERFACE GATEWAY               OPTIONS    COPY
        ISP1  1       1    main      eth0     2001:ce7c:92b4:1::2   track      eth2
        ISP2  2       2    main      eth1     2001:d64c:83c9:12::8b track      eth2

FILES

/etc/shorewall6/providers

See ALSO

http://www.shorewall.net/MultiISP.html

http://www.shorewall.net/configuration_file_basics.htm#Pairs

shorewall6(8), shorewall6-accounting(5), shorewall6-actions(5), shorewall6-blacklist(5), shorewall6-hosts(5), shorewall6-interfaces(5), shorewall6-maclist(5), shorewall6-netmap(5),shorewall6-params(5), shorewall6-policy(5), shorewall6-rtrules(5), shorewall6-routestopped(5), shorewall6-rules(5), shorewall6.conf(5), shorewall6-secmarks(5), shorewall6-tcclasses(5), shorewall6-tcdevices(5), shorewall6-mangle(5), shorewall6-tos(5), shorewall6-tunnels(5), shorewall6-zones(5)

Documentation


Frequently Used Articles

- FAQs - IPv4 Manpages - IPv6 Manpages - Configuration File Basics - Beginner Documentation - Troubleshooting

Shorewall 4.0/4.2 Documentation


Current HOWTOs and Other Articles

- 6to4 and 6in4 Tunnels - Accounting - Actions - Aliased (virtual) Interfaces (e.g., eth0:0) - Anatomy of Shorewall - Anti-Spoofing Measures - AUDIT Target support - Bandwidth Control - Blacklisting/Whitelisting - Bridge/Firewall - Building Shorewall from GIT - Commands - Compiled Programs - Configuration File Basics - DHCP - DNAT - Dynamic Zones - ECN Disabling by host or subnet - Events - Extension Scripts - Fallback/Uninstall - FAQs - Features - Fool's Firewall - Forwarding Traffic on the Same Interface - FTP and Shorewall - Helpers/Helper Modules - Installation/Upgrade - IPP2P - IPSEC - Ipsets - IPv6 Support - ISO 3661 Country Codes - Kazaa Filtering - Kernel Configuration - KVM (Kernel-mode Virtual Machine) - Limiting Connection Rates - Linux Containers (LXC) - Linux-vserver - Logging - Macros - MAC Verification - Manpages (IPv4) (IPv6) - Manual Chains - Masquerading - Multiple Internet Connections from a Single Firewall - Multiple Zones Through One Interface - My Shorewall Configuration - Netfilter Overview - Network Mapping - No firewalling of traffic between bridge port - One-to-one NAT - Operating Shorewall - OpenVPN - OpenVZ - Packet Marking - Packet Processing in a Shorewall-based Firewall - 'Ping' Management - Port Forwarding - Port Information - Port Knocking (deprecated) - Port Knocking, Auto Blacklisting and Other Uses of the 'Recent Match' - PPTP - Proxy ARP - QuickStart Guides - Release Model - Requirements - Routing and Shorewall - Routing on One Interface - Samba - Shorewall Events - Shorewall Init - Shorewall Lite - Shorewall on a Laptop - Shorewall Perl - Shorewall Setup Guide - SMB - SNAT - Split DNS the Easy Way - Squid with Shorewall - Starting/stopping the Firewall - Static (one-to-one) NAT - Support - Tips and Hints - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Simple - Traffic Shaping/QOS - Complex - Transparent Proxy - UPnP - Upgrade Issues - Upgrading to Shorewall 4.4 (Upgrading Debian Lenny to Squeeze) - VPN - VPN Passthrough - White List Creation - Xen - Shorewall in a Bridged Xen DomU - Xen - Shorewall in Routed Xen Dom0

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