Copyright © 2005, 2008 Thomas M. Eastep
Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled “GNU Free Documentation License”.
Ipset allows you to create one or more named sets of addresses then use those sets to define Netfilter/iptables rules. Possible uses of ipsets include:
Blacklists. Ipsets provide an efficient way to represent large sets of addresses and you can maintain the lists without the need to restart or even refresh your Shorewall configuration.
Zone definition. Using the /etc/shorewall/hosts file, you can define a zone based on the (dynamic) contents of an ipset. Again, you can then add or delete addresses to the ipset without restarting Shorewall.
See the ipsets site (URL above) for additional information about ipsets.
Support for ipsets was introduced in Shorewall version 2.3.0. In most places where a host or network address may be used, you may also use the name of an ipset prefaced by "+".
When using Shorewall, the names of ipsets are restricted as follows:
They must begin with a letter (after the '+').
They must be composed of letters, digits or underscores ("_").
To generate a negative match, prefix the "+" with "!" as in "!+Mirrors".
Example 1: Blacklist all hosts in an ipset named "blacklist"
#ADDRESS/SUBNET PROTOCOL PORT +blacklist
Example 2: Allow SSH from all hosts in an ipset named "sshok:
#ACTION SOURCE DEST PROTO DEST PORT(S) ACCEPT net:+sshok $FW tcp 22
Shorewall is not in the ipset load/reload business because the Netfilter rule set is never cleared. That means that there is no opportunity for Shorewall to load/reload your ipsets since that cannot be done while there are any current rules using ipsets.
Your ipsets must be loaded before Shorewall starts. You are free
to try to do that with the following code in
/etc/shorewall/init (it works for me; your mileage may
if [ "$COMMAND" = start ]; then ipset -F ipset -X ipset -R < /etc/shorewall/ipsets fi
normally be produced using the ipset -S
The above will work most of the time but will fail in a shorewall stop - shorewall start sequence if you use ipsets in your routestopped file (see below).
Your ipsets may not be reloaded until Shorewall is stopped or cleared.
If you specify ipsets in your routestopped file then Shorewall must be cleared in order to reload your ipsets.
As a consequence, scripts generated by the Perl-based compiler will
/etc/shorewall/ipsets and will issue a warning
if you set SAVE_IPSETS=Yes in