Anatomy of Shorewall 4.5

Tom Eastep

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, with no Front-Cover, and with no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

2012/02/12


Table of Contents

Products
Shorewall
/sbin
/usr/share/shorewall
/etc/shorewall
/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)
/var/lib/shorewall
Shorewall6
/sbin
/usr/share/shorewall6
/etc/shorewall6
/var/lib/shorewall6
Shorewall-lite
/sbin
/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)
/etc/shorewall-lite
/usr/share/shorewall-lite
/var/lib/shorewall-lite
Shorewall6-lite
/sbin
/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)
/etc/shorewall6-lite
/usr/share/shorewall6-lite
/var/lib/shorewall6-lite

Products

Shorewall 4.5 consists of six packages.

  1. Shorewall Core. This package contains the core Shorewall shell libraries and is required to install any of the other packages.

  2. Shorewall. This package must be installed on at least one system in your network. It contains everything needed to create an IPv4 firewall.

  3. Shorewall6. This package requires the Shorewall package and adds those components needed to create an IPv6 fireawall.

  4. Shorewall-lite. Shorewall allows for central administration of multiple IPv4 firewalls through use of Shorewall lite. The full Shorewall product is installed on a central administrative system where compiled Shorewall scripts are generated. These scripts are copied to the firewall systems where they run under the control of Shorewall-lite.

  5. Shorewall6-lite. Shorewall allows for central administration of multiple IPv4 firewalls through use of Shorewall lite. The full Shorewall product is installed on a central administrative system where compiled Shorewall scripts are generated. These scripts are copied to the firewall systems where they run under the control of Shorewall-lite.

  6. Shorewall-init. An add-on to any of the above packages that allows the firewall state to be altered in reaction to interfaces coming up and going down. Where Upstart is not being used, this package can also be configured to place the firewall in a safe state prior to bringing up the network interfaces.

Shorewall

The Shorewall package includes a large number of files which are installed in /sbin, /usr/share/shorewall, /etc/shorewall, /etc/init.d and /var/lib/shorewall/. These are described in the sub-sections that follow.

/sbin

The /sbin/shorewall shell program is used to interact with Shorewall. See shorewall(8).

/usr/share/shorewall

The bulk of Shorewall is installed here.

  • action.template - template file for creating actions.

  • action.* - standard Shorewall actions.

  • actions.std - file listing the standard actions.

  • compiler.pl - The configuration compiler perl program.

  • configfiles - A directory containing configuration files to copy to create a Shorewall-lite export directory.

  • configpath - A file containing distribution-specific path assignments.

  • firewall - A shell program that handles the add and delete commands (see shorewall(8)). It also handles the stop and clear commands when there is no current compiled firewall script on the system.

  • functions - A symbolic link to lib.base that provides for compatibility with older versions of Shorewall.

  • init - A symbolic link to the init script (usually /etc/init.d/shorewall).

  • lib.* - Shell function libraries used by the other shell programs.

  • Macros/* - The standard Shorewall macros.

  • modules.* - File that drives the loading of Netfilter kernel modules. May be overridden by /etc/shorewall/modules.

  • prog.* - Shell program fragments used as input to the compiler.

  • Shorewall - Directory containing the Shorewall Perl modules used by the compiler.

  • version - A file containing the currently install version of Shorewall.

  • wait4ifup - A shell program that extension scripts can use to delay until a network interface is available.

/etc/shorewall

This is where the modifiable IPv4 configuration files are installed.

/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)

An init script is installed here. Depending on the distribution, it is named shorewall or rc.firewall.

/var/lib/shorewall

Shorewall doesn't install any files in this directory but rather uses the directory for storing state information. This directory may be relocated using shorewall-vardir(5).

  • .iptables-restore-input - The file passed as input to the iptables-restore program to initialize the firewall during the last start or restart command (see shorewall(8)).

  • .modules - The contents of the modules file used during the last start or restart command (see shorewall(8) for command information).

  • .modulesdir - The MODULESDIR setting (shorewall.conf(5)) at the last start or restart.

  • nat - This unfortunately-named file records the IP addresses added by ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=Yes and ADD_IP_ALIASES=Yes in shorewall.conf(5).

  • proxyarp - Records the arp entries added by entries in shorewall-proxyarp(5).

  • .refresh - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh command.

  • .restart - The shell program that performed the last successful restart command.

  • restore - The default shell program used to execute restore commands.

  • .restore - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh, restart or start command.

  • save - File created by the save command and used to restore the dynamic blacklist during start/restart.

  • .start - The shell program that performed the last successful start command.

  • state - Records the current firewall state.

  • zones - Records the current zone contents.

Shorewall6

Shorewall6 installs its files in a number of directories:

/sbin

The /sbin/shorewall6 shell program is used to interact with Shorewall6. See shorewall6(8).

/usr/share/shorewall6

The bulk of Shorewall6 is installed here.

  • action.template - template file for creating actions.

  • action.* - standard Shorewall actions.

  • actions.std - file listing the standard actions.

  • configfiles - A directory containing configuration files to copy to create a Shorewall6-lite export directory.

  • configpath - A file containing distribution-specific path assignments.

  • firewall - A shell program that handles the add and delete commands (see shorewall(8)). It also handles the stop and clear commands when there is no current compiled firewall script on the system.

  • functions - A symbolic link to lib.base that provides for compatibility with older versions of Shorewall.

  • lib.* - Shell function libraries used by the other shell programs.

  • Macros/* - The standard Shorewall6 macros.

  • modules - File that drives the loading of Netfilter kernel modules. May be overridden by /etc/shorewall/modules.

  • version - A file containing the currently install version of Shorewall.

  • wait4ifup - A shell program that extension scripts can use to delay until a network interface is available.

/etc/shorewall6

This is where the modifiable IPv6 configuration files are installed.

/var/lib/shorewall6

Shorewall6 doesn't install any files in this directory but rather uses the directory for storing state information. This directory may be relocated using shorewall-vardir(5).

  • .ip6tables-restore-input - The file passed as input to the ip6tables-restore program to initialize the firewall during the last start or restart command (see shorewall6(8)).

  • .modules - The contents of the modules file used during the last start or restart command (see shorewall(8) for command information).

  • .modulesdir - The MODULESDIR setting (shorewall.conf(5)) at the last start or restart.

  • .refresh - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh command.

  • .restart - The shell program that performed the last successful restart command.

  • restore - The default shell program used to execute restore commands.

  • .restore - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh, restart or start command.

  • save - File created by the save command and used to restore the dynamic blacklist during start/restart.

  • .start - The shell program that performed the last successful start command.

  • state - Records the current firewall state.

  • zones - Records the current zone contents.

Shorewall-lite

The Shorewall-lite product includes files installed in /sbin, /usr/share/shorewall-lite, /etc/shorewall-lite, /etc/init.d and /var/lib/shorewall-lite/. These are described in the sub-sections that follow.

/sbin

The /sbin/shorewall-lite shell program is use to interact with Shorewall lite. See shorewall-lite(8).

/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)

An init script is installed here. Depending on the distribution, it is named shorewall-lite or rc.firewall.

/etc/shorewall-lite

This is where the modifiable configuration files are installed.

/usr/share/shorewall-lite

The bulk of Shorewall-lite is installed here.

  • configpath - A file containing distribution-specific path assignments.

  • functions - A symbolic link to lib.base that provides for compatibility with older versions of Shorewall.

  • lib.base - Shell function librarie used by the other shell programs. This is a thin wrapper around /usr/share/shorewall/lib.base.

  • modules* - Files that drive the loading of Netfilter kernel modules. May be overridden by /etc/shorewall-lite/modules.

  • shorecap - A shell program used for generating capabilities files. See the Shorewall-lite documentation.

  • version - A file containing the currently install version of Shorewall.

  • wait4ifup - A shell program that extension scripts can use to delay until a network interface is available.

/var/lib/shorewall-lite

Shorewall-lite doesn't install any files in this directory but rather uses the directory for storing state information. This directory may be relocated using shorewall-lite-vardir(5).

  • firewall - Compiled shell script installed by running the load or reload command on the administrative system (see shorewall(8)).

  • firewall.conf - Digest of the shorewall.conf file used to compile the firewall script on the administrative system.

  • .iptables-restore-input - The file passed as input to the iptables-restore program to initialize the firewall during the last start or restart command (see shorewall-lite(8)).

  • .modules - The contents of the modules file used during the last start or restart command (see shorewall-lite(8) for command information).

  • .modulesdir - The MODULESDIR setting (shorewall.conf(5)) at the last start or restart.

  • nat - This unfortunately-named file records the IP addresses added by ADD_SNAT_ALIASES=Yes and ADD_IP_ALIASES=Yes in shorewall.conf(5).

  • proxyarp - Records the arp entries added by entries in shorewall-proxyarp(5).

  • .refresh - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh command.

  • .restart - The shell program that performed the last successful restart command.

  • restore - The default shell program used to execute restore commands.

  • .restore - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh, restart or start command.

  • save - File created by the save command and used to restore the dynamic blacklist during start/restart.

  • .start - The shell program that performed the last successful start command.

  • state - Records the current firewall state.

  • zones - Records the current zone contents.

Shorewall6-lite

The Shorewall6-lite product includes files installed in /sbin, /usr/share/shorewall6-lite, /etc/shorewall6-lite, /etc/init.d and /var/lib/shorewall6-lite/. These are described in the sub-sections that follow.

/sbin

The /sbin/shorewall6-lite shell program is use to interact with Shorewall lite. See shorewall6-lite(8).

/etc/init.d or /etc/rc.d (depends on distribution)

An init script is installed here. Depending on the distribution, it is named shorewall6-lite or rc.firewall.

/etc/shorewall6-lite

This is where the modifiable configuration files are installed.

/usr/share/shorewall6-lite

The bulk of Shorewall-lite is installed here.

  • configpath - A file containing distribution-specific path assignments.

  • functions - A symbolic link to lib.base that provides for compatibility with older versions of Shorewall.

  • lib.base - Shell function librarie used by the other shell programs. This is a thin wrapper around /usr/share/shorewall/lib.base.

  • modules* - Files that drive the loading of Netfilter kernel modules. May be overridden by /etc/shorewall-lite/modules.

  • shorecap - A shell program used for generating capabilities files. See the Shorewall-lite documentation.

  • version - A file containing the currently install version of Shorewall.

  • wait4ifup - A shell program that extension scripts can use to delay until a network interface is available.

/var/lib/shorewall6-lite

Shorewall6-lite doesn't install any files in this directory but rather uses the directory for storing state information. This directory may be relocated using shorewall-lite-vardir(5).

  • firewall - Compiled shell script installed by running the load or reload command on the administrative system (see shorewall6(8)).

  • firewall.conf - Digest of the shorewall.conf file used to compile the firewall script on the administrative system.

  • .ip6tables-restore-input - The file passed as input to the ip6tables-restore program to initialize the firewall during the last start or restart command (see shorewall-lite(8)).

  • .modules - The contents of the modules file used during the last start or restart command (see shorewall-lite(8) for command information).

  • .modulesdir - The MODULESDIR setting (shorewall.conf(5)) at the last start or restart.

  • .refresh - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh command.

  • .restart - The shell program that performed the last successful restart command.

  • restore - The default shell program used to execute restore commands.

  • .restore - The shell program that performed the last successful refresh, restart or start command.

  • save - File created by the save command and used to restore the dynamic blacklist during start/restart.

  • .start - The shell program that performed the last successful start command.

  • state - Records the current firewall state.

  • zones - Records the current zone contents.